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Hip Dislocation

Hip Dislocation

What is Hip Dislocation?

The hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The “ball” is the head of the femur, or thighbone, and the “socket” is the cup shaped acetabulum. The joint is surrounded by muscles, ligaments, and tendons that support and hold the bones of the joint in place. Hip dislocation occurs when the head of the femur moves out of the socket. The femoral head can dislocate either backward (posterior dislocation) or forward (anterior dislocation).

Causes of Hip Dislocation

Hip dislocation can be caused by injuries from motor vehicle accidents or severe falls.

Symptoms of Hip Dislocation

The common symptoms of hip dislocation include pain, inability to move your legs and numbness along the foot or ankle. A dislocation may also be associated with a fracture in the hip, back or knee bones.

Diagnosis of Hip Dislocation

When you present to the emergency department with these symptoms, your doctor performs a thorough physical examination and may order imaging studies such as X-rays or CT scan to confirm the diagnosis

Treatments for Hip Dislocation

Treatment involves reduction, in which your doctor repositions the bones to their normal position under anaesthesia. Surgery may be performed to remove fragments of bone or torn tissues that block and prevent reduction. During your recovery, you are advised to limit movement and placing weight on the injured hip with the use of crutches. Physiotherapy is vital in regaining the strength and mobility in your hip joint after treatment.

  • Royal Australasian College of Surgeons